The Legal Framework for Arbitration

General Information

  • UNCITRAL Model-Law based: Yes (the 1985 version).

  • Legal Provisions: Singapore distinguishes its governing law between domestic arbitration and international arbitrations.

    • Domestic arbitration: Arbitration Act (Chapter 10), adopted on 31 July 2002. 

    • International arbitration: International Arbitration Act (Chapter 143A), as amended on 31 December 2002.

Arbitral Institutions

  • The Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC)

  • Singapore Chamber of Maritime Arbitration (SCMA)

Multilateral Conventions

  • New York Convention: Yes (ratification/accession: 21 August 1986); reservations: The Republic of Singapore will on the basis of reciprocity apply the said Convention to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards which are made in the territory of another Contracting State.

  • European Convention: No.

  • ICSID Convention: Yes. (ratification/accession: 14 October 1968).

  • Energy Charter Treaty: No.


Last updated February 2019